More on Frailty

Interested in frailty? Here are some informative readings:

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WHAT IS FRAILTY ABOUT? punto interrogativo 6906191

Clegg, A., Young, J., Iliffe, S., Rikkert, M. O. & Rockwood, K. (2013). Frailty in elderly people. Lancet (London, England), 381(9868), 752–62. (12)62167-9 

Dent, E., Kowal, P. & Hoogendijk, E. O. (2016). Frailty measurement in research and clinical practice: A review. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 31, 3-10. doi:10.1016/j.ejim.2016.03.007

Rodríguez-Mañas, L., Féart, C., Mann, G., Viña, J., Chatterji, S., Chodzko-Zajko, W., Vega, E. (2012). Searching for an operational definition of frailty: A Delphi method based consensus statement. The Frailty Operative Definition-Consensus Conference Project. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 68(1), 62-67. doi:10.1093/gerona/gls119 








Bock, J., König, H., Brenner, H., Haefeli, W. E., Quinzler, R., Matschinger, H., . . . Heider, D. (2016). Associations of frailty with health care costs – results of the ESTHER cohort study. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1). doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1360-3

García-Nogueras, I., Aranda-Reneo, I., Peña-Longobardo, L. M., Oliva-Moreno, J. & Abizanda, P. (2016). Use of health resources and healthcare costs associated with frailty: The FRADEA study. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, 21(2), 207-214. doi:10.1007/s12603-016-0727-9








Cadore, E. L., Rodríguez-Mañas, L., Sinclair, A. & Izquierdo, M. (2013). Effects of different exercise interventions on risk of falls, gait ability, and balance in physically frail older adults: A systematic review. Rejuvenation Research, 16(2), 105-114. doi:10.1089/rej.2012.1397

Theou, O., Stathokostas, L., Roland, K. P., Jakobi, J. M., Patterson, C., Vandervoort, A. A. & Jones, G. R. (2011). The Effectiveness of Exercise Interventions for the Management of Frailty: A Systematic Review. Journal of Aging Research, 2011, 1-19. doi:10.4061/2011/569194







balanced diet for men main image 700 350WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION IN FRAILTY?

Goisser, S., Guyonnet, S. & Volkert, D. (2016). The role of nutrition in frailty: An overview. The Journal of Frailty & Aging, 5(2), 74–77. 

León-Muñoz, L. M., Guallar-Castillón, P., López-García, E. & Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2014). Mediterranean diet and risk of frailty in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 15(12), 899-903. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2014.06.013

Bruyère, O., Cavalier, E., Buckinx, F. & Reginster, J. (2017). Relevance of vitamin D in the pathogenesis and therapy of frailty. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 20(1), 26-29. doi:10.1097/mco.0000000000000334 

Cesari, M., Nobili, A. & Vitale, G. (2016). Frailty and sarcopenia: From theory to clinical implementation and public health relevance. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 35, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.ejim.2016.07.021








Ministry of Health Spain (2014). Consensus document on frailty and falls prevention among the elderly. The prevention and health promotion strategy of the Spanish NHS. Available at:Stop hand  [Last access: 13/12/2017]

Morley, J. E., Vellas, B., Kan, G. A., Anker, S. D., Bauer, J. M., Bernabei, R., . . . Walston, J. (2013). Frailty consensus: A call to action. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 14(6), 392-397. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2013.03.022

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2015). Dementia, disability and frailty in later life – mid-life approaches to delay or prevent onset. NICE Guideline [NG16]. Available at:  [Last access: 14/12/2017]

Puts, M. T., Toubasi, S., Andrew, M. K., Ashe, M. C., Ploeg, J., Atkinson, E., Mcgilton, K. (2017). Interventions to prevent or reduce the level of frailty in community-dwelling older adults: a scoping review of the literature and international policies. Age and Ageing. doi:10.1093/ageing/afw247








European Union (2017). The 2018 Ageing Report: Underlying assumptions & projection methodologies. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, Brussels. Available at:  [Last access: 9/1/2018]

World Health Organization (2015). World report on ageing and health. Luxembourg. Available at:  [Last access: 13/12/2017]

World Health Organization (2017). Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE). Guidelines on community-level interventions to manage declines in intrinsic capacity. Switzerland. Available at:  [Last access: 18/12/2017]